”Gör plats!”

Om ableism, paternalism och konstruktionen av normbrytande funktionalitet

Författare

  • Elisabet Apelmo Fil dr i sociologi och lektor i handikapp- och rehabiliteringsvetenskap vid Malmö universitet
  • Åsa Alftberg Docent i socialt arbete vid Malmö universitet

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3384/SVT.2022.29.2.4609

Abstract

”Make room!” Concerning ableism, paternalism and the construction of dis/ability

Within the social work profession, social vulnerability and social justice are central concerns. However, professional emphasis is on economic and social conditions and less on dis/ability, despite the fact that dis/ability is important, not only for services aimed specifically at people with dis/abilities, but the entire profession of social work is linked to dis/ability in various ways. The purpose of the article is to contribute to a deepened understanding of vulnerability in general and, in particular, the vulnerability of people with dis/abilities. An advertisement from the Swedish Public Employment Service’s campaign “Make room!” forms a point of departure for a theoretical discussion of how dis/ability is constructed. 

The article demonstrates how the advertisement is based on paternalistic and ableistic ways of thinking that connect dis/ability, gender, and race/ethnicity. Able-bodied perfection is regarded as desirable, while the deviant body is linked to deficiency and suffering. The article also deals with the critical discussion that followed the advertisement, which eventually led to the Swedish Public Employment Service withdrawing it. 

Finally, we argue in favour of a cripistemological perspective in social work. This means taking previously marginalized knowledge as a starting point and reformulate traditional perspectives. It also means seeking cross-border cooperation between social work and the disability rights movement as well as other social movements. Thus, the lived experience of vulnerability that can result from impairment and its effects, as well as the political vulnerability that arises due to lack of resources, are made visible, without vulnerability being interpreted from paternalistic and ableistic perspectives. Moreover, ideas of the normal body and the normal way of thinking and feeling can be 

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2023-01-12

Referera så här

Apelmo, E. och Alftberg, Åsa (2023) ”’Gör plats!’ : Om ableism, paternalism och konstruktionen av normbrytande funktionalitet”, Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 29(2), s. 131–150. doi: 10.3384/SVT.2022.29.2.4609.