Migration som orsak till samhällets problem

- hur påverkar narrativet kommunal verksamhet?


  • Carlos Rojas Specialpedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet




causal argumentation, decision making, narratives, migration, racialization, racial structures, local administration


Migration as a cause of social problems – how does the narrative impact local government practices?

Even though Sweden has well over half a century’s experience with migration, recently strengthened master narratives of migration and migrants as social problems are generating an impact on policies and practices at the local level. Previous research has identified how narratives of migration and migrants impact policy making and interventions related to migration, integration and accommodation of migrants. This study widens the scope as it identifies how narratives of migration and migrants impact policies and practices in general.

Adopting a theoretical framework based on racialisation, decision making and narrative theory, 17 interviews with local government administrators and police officers from a district in Stockholm are analysed. The results show how narratives of migration and migrants are embedded in the causal argumentation of present problems in the district. When practically every problem is argued to have migration as a root cause, policy and practices for solving them tend to target migrants. The article describes how this takes place and the final discussion addresses several risks that follow.

First, the quality and efficiency of policy and interventions is at risk when the causality behind a problem is simplified and inaccurate. Second, targeting migrants when addressing the districts’ problems also risk omitting those natives impacted by a problem from benefiting from the solution or relief provided by the local government. Third, there is a risk that the local government strengthens the master narrative of migration and migrants as causing society’s problems.

Given the results, an ending theoretical contribution is provided, arguing that a local government is a racialising bureaucracy. Not only is it racialised in its structure, as previous theory has stated, it also actively contributes to the reproduction and development of racialised structures in society at large.




Referera så här

Rojas, C. (2023) ”Migration som orsak till samhällets problem : - hur påverkar narrativet kommunal verksamhet?”, Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 30(2), s. 563–581. doi: 10.3384/SVT.2023.30.2.4305.